kubeadm部署高可用集群Kubernetes 1.14.1版本

 Kubernetes高可用集群部署

部署架构:

Master 组件:

  • kube-apiserver

Kubernetes API,集群的统一入口,各组件协调者,以HTTP API提供接口大发pk10服务 ,所有对象资源的增删改查和监听操作都交给APIServer处理后再提交给Etcd存储。

  • kube-controller-manager

处理集群中常规后台任务,一个资源对应一个控制器,而ControllerManager就是负责管理这些控制器的。

  • kube-scheduler

根据调度算法为新创建的Pod选择一个Node节点。


Node 组件:

  • kubelet

kubelet是Master在Node节点上的Agent,管理本机运行容器的生命周期,比如创建容器、Pod挂载数据卷、
大发pk10下载 secret、获取容器和节点状态等工作。kubelet将每个Pod转换成一组容器。

  • kube-proxy

Node节点上实现Pod网络代理,维护网络规则和四层负载均衡工作。

  • docker

运行容器。
第三方大发pk10服务 :

  • etcd

分布式键值存储系统。用于保持集群状态,比如Pod、Service等对象信息。

下图清晰表明了Kubernetes的架构设计以及组件之间的通信协议。

 

 

 

一、环境规划 

 

角色

 IP

 组件

K8S-MASTER01

10.247.74.48

kube-apiserver
kube-controller-manager
kube-scheduler
etcd

kubelet
kube-proxy

flannel

Nginx

keepalived

K8S-MASTER02

10.247.74.49

kube-apiserver
kube-controller-manager
kube-scheduler
etcd

kubelet
kube-proxy

flannel

Nginx

keepalived

K8S-MASTER03

10.247.74.50

kube-apiserver
kube-controller-manager
kube-scheduler
etcd

kubelet
kube-proxy

flannel

Nginx

keepalived

K8S-NODE01

10.247.74.53

kubelet
kube-proxy
docker
flannel

K8S-NODE02

10.247.74.54

kubelet
kube-proxy
docker
flannel

K8S-NODE03

10.247.74.55

kubelet
kube-proxy
docker
flannel

K8S-NODE04

10.247.74.56

kubelet
kube-proxy
docker
flannel

K8S-大发pk10vip

10.247.74.51

 

大发pk10软件 版本信息

 

大发pk10软件

版本

Linux操作系统

Red Hat Enterprise 7.6_x64

Kubernetes

1.14.1

Docker

18.06.3-ce

Etcd

3.0

Nginx

17.0

1.1系统环境准备(所有节点)

#设置主机名及关闭selinux,swap分区

cat <<EOF >>/etc/hosts

10.247.74.48  TWDSCPA203V

10.247.74.49  TWDSCPA204V

10.247.74.50  TWDSCPA205V

10.247.74.53  TWDSCPA206V

10.247.74.54  TWDSCPA207V

10.247.74.55  TWDSCPA208V

10.247.74.56  TWDSCPA209V

10.247.74.51  K8S-大发pk10vip


EOF

sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config

swapoff -a

sed -i 's/\/dev\/mapper\/centos-swap/\#\/dev\/mapper\/centos-swap/g' /etc/fstab

systemctl enable ntpd

systemctl start ntpd 

#设置内核参数

echo "* soft nofile 32768" >> /etc/security/limits.conf

echo "* hard nofile 65535" >> /etc/security/limits.conf

echo "* soft nproc 32768" >> /etc/security/limits.conf

echo "* hadr nproc 65535" >> /etc/security/limits.conf

cat > /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf <<EOF

net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1

net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1

net.ipv4.ip_nonlocal_bind = 1

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1

vm.swappisysctl --system

ness=0

EOF

sysctl --system

sysctl -p

#加载IPVS模块

在所有的Kubernetes节点执行以下脚本(若内核大于4.19替换nf_conntrack_ipv4为nf_conntrack):

cat > /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules <<EOF

#!/bin/bash

modprobe -- ip_vs

modprobe -- ip_vs_rr

modprobe -- ip_vs_wrr

modprobe -- ip_vs_sh

modprobe -- nf_conntrack_ipv4

EOF

#执行脚本

chmod 755  /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && bash /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && lsmod | grep -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack_ipv4

#安装ipvs相关管理大发pk10软件

yum install ipset ipvsadm -y
reboot

1.2安装Docker(所有节点)

# Step 1: 安装必要的一些系统大发pk10工具

yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2

#sSep 2:安装ddocker

yum update -y && yum install -y docker-ce-18.06.3.ce

# Step 3: 配置docker仓库及镜像存放路径

mkdir -p /mnt/sscp/data/docker
cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
{
"registry-mirrors": [ "http://registry.docker-cn.com"],
"insecure-registries":["172.31.182.143"],
"graph": "//mnt/sscp/data/docker"
}
EOF

# Step 4: 重启Docker大发pk10服务

systemctl restart docker
systemctl enable docker 

1.3部署Nginx

一、安装依赖包
yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ pcre pcre-devel zlib zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel
二、从官网大发pk10下载
安装包
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz
三、解压并安装
tar zxvf nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.16.0
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_gzip_static_module--with-stream --with-stream_ssl_module
make && make install
四、配置kube-apiserver反向代理
stream {
   log_format  main  '$remote_addr $upstream_addr - [$time_local] $status $upstream_bytes_sent';
    access_log  /var/log/nginx/k8s-access.log  main;
upstream k8s-apiserver {
    server 10.247.74.48:6443;
    server 10.247.74.49:6443;
    server 10.247.74.50:6443;
}
server {
        listen 0.0.0.0:8443;
        proxy_pass k8s-apiserver;
}
}
五、启动nginx大发pk10服务

/usr/local/sbin/nginx

1.4部署keepalived

一、大发pk10下载
大发pk10地址
:

wget http://www.keepalived.org/software/keepalived-2.0.16.tar.gz
二、解压并安装

tar xf keepalived-2.0.16.tar.gz

cd keepalived-2.0.16

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/keepalived

make && make install

cp /root/keepalived-2.0.16/keepalived/etc/init.d/keepalived /etc/init.d/

cp /usr/local/keepalived/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/

mkdir /etc/keepalived

cp /usr/local/keepalived/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/

cp /usr/local/keepalived/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin/

二、添加配置文件

vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf

MASTER:

vrrp_instance VI_1 {

    state MASTER

    interface ens32    

    virtual_router_id 51

    priority 100   

    advert_int 1   

    authentication {

        auth_type PASS     

        auth_pass 1111

    } 

    virtual_ipaddress {

        10.247.74.51/24

    }

BACKUP:

vrrp_instance VI_1 {

    state BACKUP

    interface ens32    

    virtual_router_id 51

    priority 90   

    advert_int 1   

    authentication {

        auth_type PASS     

        auth_pass 1111

    } 

    virtual_ipaddress {

        10.247.74.51/24

    }

1.5部署kubeadm(所有节点)

以下操作在所有节点执行。

#由于官方源国内无法访问,这里使用阿里云yum源进行替换:

cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

#安装kubeadm、kubelet、kubectl,注意这里安装版本v1.14.1:

yum install -y kubelet-1.14.1 kubeadm-1.14.1 kubectl-1.14.1
systemctl enable kubelet && systemctl start kubelet

1.6部署Master节点

初始化参考: http://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/setup-tools/kubeadm/kubeadm-init/ http://godoc.org/k8s.io/kubernetes/cmd/kubeadm/app/apis/kubeadm/v1beta1

创建初始化配置文件 可以使用如下命令生成初始化配置文件

kubeadm config print init-defaults > kubeadm-config.yaml

根据实际部署环境修改信息:

apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta1
bootstrapTokens:
- groups:
  - system:bootstrappers:kubeadm:default-node-token
  token: abcdef.0123456789abcdef
  ttl: 24h0m0s
  usages:
  - signing
  - authentication
kind: InitConfiguration
localAPIEndpoint:
  advertiseAddress: 10.247.74.48
  bindPort: 6443
nodeRegistration:
  criSocket: /var/run/dockershim.sock
  name: cn-hongkong.i-j6caps6av1mtyxyofmrw
  taints:
  - effect: NoSchedule
    key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
---
apiServer:
  timeoutForControlPlane: 4m0s
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta1
certificatesDir: /etc/kubernetes/pki
clusterName: kubernetes
controlPlaneEndpoint: "10.247.74.51:8443"
controllerManager: {}
dns:
  type: CoreDNS
etcd:
  local:
    dataDir: /var/lib/etcd
imageRepository: registry.aliyuncs.com/google_containers
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v1.14.1
networking:
  dnsDomain: cluster.local
  podSubnet: "10.244.0.0/16"
  serviceSubnet: 10.96.0.0/12
scheduler: {}
---
apiVersion: kubeproxy.config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
featureGates:
  SupportIPVSProxyMode: true
mode: ipvs

配置说明:

controlPlaneEndpoint:为大发pk10vip
大发pk10地址
和haproxy监听端口6444
imageRepository:由于国内无法访问google镜像仓库k8s.gcr.io,这里指定为阿里云镜像仓库registry.aliyuncs.com/google_containers
podSubnet:指定的IP大发pk10地址
段与后续部署的网络插件相匹配,这里需要部署flannel插件,所以配置为10.244.0.0/16
mode: ipvs:最后追加的配置为开启ipvs模式。

在集群搭建完成后可以使用如下命令查看生效的配置文件:

kubeadm  config images pull  --config kubeadm-config.yaml  # 通过阿里源预先拉镜像

初始化Master01节点

这里追加tee命令将初始化日志输出到kubeadm-init.log中以备用(可选)。

kubeadm init --config=kubeadm-config.yaml --experimental-upload-certs | tee kubeadm-init.log

该命令指定了初始化时需要使用的配置文件,其中添加–experimental-upload-certs参数可以在后续执行加入节点时自动分发证书文件。 

1.7添加其他Master节点

执行以下命令:

kubeadm join 10.247.74.51:8443 --token ocb5tz.pv252zn76rl4l3f6 \
--discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:141bbeb79bf58d81d551f33ace207c7b19bee1cfd7790112ce26a6a300eee5a2 \
--experimental-control-plane --certificate-key 20366c9cdbfdc1435a6f6d616d988d027f2785e34e2df9383f784cf61bab9826

添加上下文:

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

1.8添加Node节点

执行以下命令:

kubeadm join 10.247.74.51:8443 --token ocb5tz.pv252zn76rl4l3f6 \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:141bbeb79bf58d81d551f33ace207c7b19bee1cfd7790112ce26a6a300eee5a2

1.9部署flannel并查询集群状态

一、部署flannel

wget http://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml

二、查看集群状态

# kubectl get node

1.10后续

token默认24h后失效如果有新的node加入可在master上重新生成:

kubeadm token create --print-join-command

posted @ 2019-10-09 21:25 渣渣辉 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏